A Dominated Fund and Pre-senes

A Dominated Fund and Pre-Senes

A Dominated Fund is something you might not be very familiar with. Chances are neither is the term “Pre-Sene”. The aim of this article is to take care of both of those.

You may know from reading our definition for Pre-Sene you can tell people in this age group are most likely still working. Very few are a member of the FIRE – financial independence retire early – brigade. Therefore the Pre-Sene probably has a 401(k), IRA or some other retirement program.

Since very few defined benefit programs remain in the work place that means the Pre-sene is contributing to a defined contribution program like the aforementioned. Besides knowing how a dominated fund is defined it is also imperative to know the percent of your retirement account in dominated funds. The easiest way to learn is to look at your retirement plan’s schedule.

The second easiest way is to get your plan’s investment schedule from your HR department. Before you launch into research here is the definition of a dominated fund: A dominated fund is a fund that no reasonable investor would invest in given that plan’s other investment offerings. This is according to one financial author.

Another financial author and professor defines a dominated fund as: An asset A is dominated if there is another asset B such that under “any” realization of the financial future asset B will provide a “larger total return” than asset A.

Let’s Try a Different Dominated Fund Explanation

In other words if the fund containing the bulk of your dollar bills is dominated by another fund (having a higher return and lower fees) in the same family your contributed dollars should be in that fund. Now you can start doing your research.

It is no secret fund managers put those dollars in dominated funds because these funds have higher fees. Subsequently, higher fees means higher commission dollars for the fund manager. And, to add insult to injury, the dominated fund may not receive any, or very little, personal attention. Personal attention is called management in the investing world.

And Now For a Example

An excellent example, as reported on some of the largest financial websites, is indexed mutual funds that have expense ratios (or other charges) that are not at the market minimum. As one of the reporting authors said —

“You might not think that there would be many such funds, but they are common as weeds.”

A quick summary. You absolutely must know how your dollars are being invested.

Because the how is the key to how much in fees and expenses you are paying. One source made the bold statement that an investor’s fee structure in one of these funds could cost the investor a minimum of $200,000.

That 200K is your money being dribbled out of your pocket and into the pocket of the fund manager. I don’t know if you want to pay that much and lose that amount’s ability to pay you in your retirement. If you do, keep doing what you are doing. After all, it is your money.

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